Caucasian Dioscorea: use of atherosclerosis and diseases of the reproductive system

Instructions for use:

Caucasian Dioscorea is a relict perennial herbaceous liana belonging to the Dioscorea family of the Dioscoreae family. It is found mainly in the Caucasus and in the western regions of the Transcaucasus. Due to the low prevalence in 1979, this plant was listed in the Red Book, currently cultivated for medicinal purposes.

Chemical composition

The main biologically active substance contained in the rhizomes of the Caucasian Dioscorea is saponins. The main steroid saponin - Dioscin - during hydrolysis is split into glucose, diosgenin and rhamnose.

Vine roots are also rich in fat-like substances and starch, they can concentrate selenium and chromium.

Beneficial features

Caucasian Dioscorea preparations have a diuretic, choleretic, hypotensive, sedative, analgesic, anti-sclerotic and anti-microbial effect.

The saponins contained in the plant have the following effects on the human body:

  • expand peripheral vessels
  • lower blood pressure
  • reduce blood cholesterol levels
  • reduce lipid deposits in arteries and the liver.

These properties determine the anti-sclerotic efficacy of Dioscorea preparations, their ability to improve hemodynamics and thereby stimulate the heart and brain activity.

Also, saponins deepen breathing, increase the amplitude of heart contractions, have an inhibitory effect on the nervous system, activate the secretion of bile, increase diuresis, increase the motor function of the stomach.

Indications for use

In folk medicine, Caucasian Dioscorea is used to cleanse the affected liver in the treatment of alcohol and drug addiction.

Liana taken to improve vision and cardiovascular activity in arthritis and gout, as a tonic and immunomodulatory agent for the treatment and prevention of diseases associated with impaired biliary excretion, urinary and blood flow disorders.

Dioscorea helps reduce the frequency of epilepsy attacks.

Broths, infusions and plant extracts improve the overall physical condition, help to fight irritability, insomnia, fatigue. They are recommended for headaches, eye diseases and diabetes, after suffering strokes and heart attacks, are widely used in dermatology. Inside drugs of this liana are taken for psoriasis, neurodermatitis, xanthomas, eczema, mastocytosis.

Infusions and decoctions of Dioscorea help to normalize the functioning of the pituitary and hypothalamus, the activity of the adrenal glands and ovaries.

There is an opinion that drugs of the Caucasian Dioscorea are able to overcome certain types of cancer, destroying the affected cells and preventing the formation of new ones.

Rhizomes of vines are used for the production of Novogalenovyh drugs "Polisponin" and "Diosponin." “Polisponin” is a lipid-lowering agent that lowers cholesterol, increases the content of phospholipids in the blood, lowers cholesterol / phospholipids, and lowers blood pressure. “Diosponin” is an anti-cholesterol-lowering agent that has a pronounced anti-sclerotic effect, reduces the amount of cholesterol in the blood, increases the lecithin / cholesterol ratio, thereby reducing the risk of cholesterol deposition in blood vessels and the formation of cholesterol plaques. Also, "Diosponin" expands peripheral vessels, improves heart function, lowers blood pressure, reduces blood clotting, increases diuresis, enhances bile excretion.

Dioscorea preparations are used for rheumatoid arthritis, tinnitus, headache, cataract, hypertension, vascular dystonia, and trigeminal inflammation.

Caucasian Dioscorea is used not only as a therapeutic agent, but also as a prophylactic. Preparations of lianas are used to prevent general, coronary and cerebral atherosclerosis, to improve vision and memory, enhance immunity, strengthen the heart, prevent liver and kidney diseases.

Infusions and plant extracts take to improve sleep and mood, combat fatigue, stimulate the activity of the gastrointestinal tract.

In pharmacies Dioscorea Caucasian is sold in the form of crushed raw materials, alcohol tinctures and in granules.

Contraindications

  • pregnancy,
  • breastfeeding period
  • younger child age
  • individual hypersensitivity to the plant.

With caution, preparations of Dioscorea should be used by hypotonia (because of the ability of Dioscorea to lower blood pressure).

The plant can irritate the mucous membrane of the stomach and intestines, so the drugs should not be taken on an empty stomach.

Caucasian Dioscorea can cause the following side effects: itchy skin, excessive sweating, loss of appetite, gastrointestinal disorders. In case of their occurrence should consult a doctor.

Caucasian homemade medicine

  • tincture for the treatment of allergies and chronic inflammatory processes: 50 g of dried, crushed rhizomes pour 0.5 liters of vodka, tightly close the container, insist for 4 weeks in a dark cool place, drain. Take 30 drops, diluted in cup of water, 3 times a day after meals for 3 months,
  • remedy for the treatment of diseases of the cardiovascular system and brain: grind dry rhizomes to a powdered state, mix 10 g of powder with 1 spoon of honey. Take 3 times a day for 10 days,
  • infusion of migraine, chronic fatigue and tachycardia: 15 g of crushed rhizomes pour 200 ml of boiling water, insist in a thermos for 1 hour, strain. Take 1 spoon 2 times a day,
  • Means to improve sleep and memory: Mix 1 tablespoon of chopped roots with 2 tablespoons of green tea, pour 1 liter of boiling water, insist in a thermos for an hour. Use instead of tea,
  • ointment for the treatment of atherosclerosis of the feet: grind 100 g of dry root to a powder, put in a glass jar, pour 300-400 g of melted unsalted interior pork fat. For 2 hours, boil in a water bath, stirring occasionally, and cool. Store ointment in the refrigerator. Means to use for grinding the lower limbs before bedtime, starting with the fingers and gradually moving up. After applying the ointment legs are recommended to wrap,
  • tincture from atherosclerosis for oral administration: 50 g of fresh or 100 g of dry root pour 0.5 liters of vodka, insist in a dark warm place for a month, periodically shaking the container. Take after meals for 1 tsp. 3 times a day for 1 month. If necessary, repeat the course after 15–20 days.

Education: Rostov State Medical University, specialty "General Medicine".

Information about the drug is generalized, is provided for informational purposes and does not replace the official instructions. Self-treatment is dangerous for health!

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Botanical characteristics of the Caucasian Dioscorea

Caucasian Dioscorea is a perennial grassy vine with a length of 2-3 meters with a thick horizontal rhizome. Leaves 6–15 cm long are heart-shaped or oval-shaped, pointed at the ends, densely pubescent below. The flowers are green, small, same-sex, clustered in brushes or ears. Fruits - rounded trihedral boxes. The seeds of the plant - with a pterygoid protuberance, which gives them good volatility. Dioscorea blooms in May and June, the fruits ripen in September.

The plant is endemic, grows only in Abkhazia and the Adler district of the Krasnodar Territory. Listed in the Red Book, in connection with which measures have been taken to cultivate Dioscorea.

Dioscorea application

Dioscorea well helps with dysfunctions of the adrenal glands, the immune system, inflammation of the trigeminal nerve, vascular dystonia, rheumatoid arthritis, atherosclerosis of cerebral vessels and other organs. Drugs from it improve sleep, memory, work of the heart, liver and kidneys. The plant is successfully used to treat headaches, restore vision in case of cataract. It relieves fatigue and irritability, removes tinnitus, improves sleep and mood.

Dioscorea reduces cholesterol in the blood and prevents the deposition of lipids in the arteries and liver, dilates the peripheral vessels and improves coronary blood flow, reduces the frequency of angina attacks and eliminates tachycardia. Infusions and plant extracts stimulate the motor and secretory activity of the gastrointestinal tract. In patients with diabetes mellitus, the general condition improves and positive changes in lipid metabolism are outlined, the prothrombin index is normalized.

Dioscorea preparations increase the life of irradiated mice, creating a semblance of the X-ray protective effect. The use of such agents for hypertriglyceridemia is quite effective. Also, positive results were obtained when using Dioscorea in conjunction with other herbs in the treatment of such serious systemic diseases as lupus erythematosus, multiple sclerosis, glomerulonephritis, scleroderma, sarcoidosis.

Dioscorea root

In the rhizomes of the Caucasian Dioscorea contains up to 25% of steroid glycosides (saponins). The most significant of them are dioscin, protodioscin, protogracillin. The roots are harvested from the end of April until the first frost, carefully digging them out with a shovel from the ground. After that, they are cut into pieces 30 cm long, dried at a temperature of 60–70 ° C. Due to the fact that Dioscorea is listed in the Red Book, plants grown under artificial conditions are used for medical purposes.

The rhizomes of vines are compact, thick, with tuberous thickenings, yellow at the break.

Dioscorea tincture

Recipe No. 1. 100 g of dry, shredded roots should be filled with 500 ml of vodka, infused for at least 10 days in a dark cool place, shaking occasionally, drain. Dosage - 25-30 drops 3 times a day, approximately 30 minutes after meals.

Recipe No. 2. 7.5 tablespoons of dry crushed roots should be poured 1.5 liters of vodka and insist in a dark place for 10 days. The tincture is drunk together with warm tea at the rate of 1 teaspoon 3 times a day after meals. Well helps this tool after strokes and with heart disease. Treatment consists of three to four courses with a break of 1 month.

Broth recipe: 1 teaspoon of dry, shredded root is poured with a glass of boiling water and heated on a steam bath for 20 minutes. After cooling and filtering the broth, you can drink 1 tablespoon 3 times a day after meals, for 3-4 weeks. For treatment, there are 3 courses with a break of 7 days. You can repeat the treatment every 4-6 months.

Dioscorea tea

The roots of the plant can be brewed in the form of teas. To do this, mix 70% of green tea and 30% of crushed Dioscorea root. Consume in the morning, 1 hour after meals, 1 time per day. This tea normalizes cholesterol in the blood, improves memory and normalizes sleep. This is a good prevention of hypertension and atherosclerosis. To prevent abdominal bloating, you can drink tea brewed from a mixture of herbs such as dioscorea root, ginger, fennel, chamomile, peppermint or lemon balm. Use it after a meal.

Dioscorea with honey

When atherosclerosis is useful to take the powder from the rhizomes, seizing it with a spoon of honey, or squeezed honey water. Dosage: 0.2 g of powder (fits on the tip of a knife) 3 times a day for 10 days 30 minutes after meals. Treatment is carried out for 3-4 months with weekly breaks between courses.

Honey also has many beneficial properties. It calms the nervous system, is good for the heart, improves sleep and memory, normalizes metabolism, is well absorbed by the kidneys, does not irritate the gastric mucosa. It contains many vitamins, it contains manganese, calcium, sodium, magnesium, phosphorus, iron, magnesium, etc.

Japanese Dioscorea

This species differs from the Dioscorea in the Caucasian leaf shape, the length of the stem reaching 4 m in height, thicker rhizomes (up to 5 cm), a large elliptical box of the fruit and a smaller number of male spikelets. The lower leaves are seven-lobed, with a large and elongated middle part, the middle ones have 3–5 blades, the upper leaves have practically no blades. The flowers are small, same-sex, with yellowish-green perianth. Reproduction of seeds and processes.

Japanese Dioscorea is widespread in the Far East, in its southern part. Entered in the Red Book, cultivated. For therapeutic purposes, harvest rhizomes, starting in April and ending with the first frost. The active ingredients are steroid glycosides (saponins), which are diosgenin derivatives. The most important of them is Dioscin.

Saponins reduce cholesterol in the blood, therefore, are recommended both for the prevention of atherosclerosis and for its treatment. As a result of the use of decoctions and infusions, tinnitus, headache, and fatigue are reduced or disappear completely. Dioscorea acts as a diuretic, it increases the secretion of bile and reduces blood clotting.

Dioscorea opposite

This ancient cultural plant is common in Japan and China. Its stems, slightly angular or twisted, reach a length of up to 9 m.The leaves are opposite, 4–7 cm long, broadly heart-shaped at the base and almost three-lobed to the ends. In the axils of the leaves are spherical nodules. The flowers are whitish, with the scent of cinnamon, create a single or paired axillary brush. For medicinal purposes, the roots of the plant and sometimes the leaves are used. Rhizomes harvested at the end of the growing season - in the fall.

Dioscorea opposite - an excellent medicine for diseases of the kidneys, stomach, spleen. It is used as an expectorant. Tincture of the leaves perfectly helps with dry asthmatic cough. A decoction of the leaves of Dioscorea is used in menopausal women, along with berries of wolfberry and Chinese licorice, dogwood, and sticky glue. Shredded roots can be included in the collection of herbs for urination disorders and bronchial asthma.

Dioscorea Nippon

This is an endemic plant of East Asia. It is distributed in the Primorsky Territory, in the south-east of the Amur Region, in the south of the Khabarovsk Territory, as well as in China and Japan. Stems are bare, up to 4 m long, rhizome is thick, horizontal. Leaves alternate, wide heart, with three, five or seven lobes. Flowers are yellowish-green on short pedicels, clustered in brushes, less often in panicles. For the production of medical preparations, rhizomes are harvested in September-October. Dried raw materials can be stored for 3 years.

Powders and decoctions from rhizomes have a pronounced diuretic, choleretic and anti-sclerotic effect, reduce blood pressure and blood clotting. From the roots and rhizomes are made dry extract "Polisponin", which prevents the deposition of lipids in the liver and cardiovascular system. It removes “bad” cholesterol, improves heart function and increases diuresis. The extract is used for the prevention and treatment of atherosclerosis and hypertension.

The positive effect of Dioscorea in this case is associated with a slower absorption of cholesterol in the intestine and a decrease in its level in the blood. Cholesterol is retained in a state of colloidal solution and excreted from the body, not having time to deposit on the walls of blood vessels.

Dioscorea ivory

The homeland of the elephant ivory is South Africa, where this exotic plant grows in natural conditions. Its uniqueness lies in the presence of a spherical aboveground tuber (caudex), which in ideal conditions can reach a height of 3 m with a diameter of 1 m and weight up to 400 kg. From a distance, caudex resembles a tortoise shell, as it is covered with polygonal corky growths. With such dimensions, the plant root system is surprisingly small and is located mainly in the surface layer of the earth.

From the top of the tuber sprout thin climbing shoots, the length of which ranges from two to five meters. The leaves are alternate, wide heart, with rounded lobes. Their length is 2–5 cm. Small yellowish-green flowers are collected in racemes. The caudex pulp is edible. It looks like turnip pulp and is rich in starch. For many people in Africa, it is a staple food.

This type of Dioscorea is not used for medicinal purposes, but it is valued as an ornamental plant.

Dioscorea Shaggy

This perennial grassy vine grows in the dense forests of North America (Indiana, North Carolina, Virginia). It has a knotty woody rhizome and thin branching shoots up to 5 m high. The leaves are alternate, pubescent, with 7–11 veins. Stems are bare or almost bare. The flowers are small, yellowish-green, collected in drooping inflorescences. Dioscorea blooms in June - early July.

As a medicinal raw materials harvested rhizomes containing saponins. On the basis of hair dioscorea make contraceptives and creams for the treatment of eczema. It is an effective anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, antispasmodic, choleretic and antirheumatic drug. Due to its ability to expand the vessels of Dioscorea helps with cramps and spasms in the premenstrual period.

The plant contains phytoestrogens, including diosgenin. This is the natural precursor of progesterone. The use of decoctions and tinctures of the roots of the dioscore shaggy during menopause prevents the development of osteoporosis, in addition, the work of the sex glands is regulated. Also drugs from Dioscorea help in the treatment of urinary tract and cystitis.

Medicinal properties

Since the plant effectively cleans the blood vessels and normalizes the activity of the heart, it is especially recommended for people in old age. Doctors believe that the benefits of culture are related to its ability:

  • reduce blood pressure
  • to expand the vessels
  • reduce cholesterol in the blood.

Therefore, atherosclerosis is most often an indication for the use of wild yam in official medicine. Taking grass allows you to:

  • eliminate headache
  • improve eyesight
  • normalize mood
  • return sleep
  • improve memory
  • eliminate unpleasant tinnitus.

But atherosclerosis is not the only pathology in which medicinal vine is in demand. It is very useful for women. Doctors note the following positive properties of the grass:

  • normalization of hormonal levels,
  • improvement during menopause,
  • normalization of the menstrual cycle
  • osteoporosis protection
  • relief of inflammation (salpingitis, endometritis, vaginitis).

Recipes drugs

For medicinal purposes, healers and doctors advise using only the root of the plant. From it prepare various tinctures, broths. And sometimes raw materials are crushed and consumed in powder form. Since the plant is listed in the Red Book, it is recommended to refrain from self-digging. It is better to buy pharmacy fitosyrie. In this case, you will also be completely sure that you have acquired a real Dioscorea, and not grass like it. Drug prescriptions are selected depending on the disease.

From atherosclerosis

Features When atherosclerosis is recommended the use of honey mixture. The drug is used three times a day, one teaspoon. Then make a break for a week and again repeat the ten-day course. This treatment continues for three to four months.

  • pharmacy Dioscorea - 5 g,
  • honey - half a glass.

  1. The root of the plant is thoroughly crushed.
  2. Powder poured into honey and diligently mixed medicine.

From inflammations

Features An alcoholic infusion is recommended as a medicine. This tool helps to cope with inflammatory processes occurring in the body and are of a chronic nature. It is recommended to take not alcohol, but high-quality vodka. Use the medicine for 30-60 drops, diluting them in a glass of water. Repeat the reception three times a day. The duration of treatment depends on the severity of the disease. Sometimes the drug is prescribed for three to four months, and sometimes therapy is delayed for a year.

  • Dioscorea root - 50 g,
  • vodka - 0.5 l.

  1. The root of the plant is cut into small pieces.
  2. Vegetable component is poured vodka.
  3. The drug is infused for one month. Periodically shake the solution.
  4. Be sure to filter the drug.

From female diseases

Features Decoction in demand in gynecology. It is prescribed for violations of the menstrual cycle, to normalize the condition during menopause. The drug normalizes hormone levels. Moreover, the plant provides an increase in progesterone with its deficiency, and in the case of its excess, on the contrary, helps to reduce. Take the medicine on a tablespoon three times a day. And the duration of therapy should be discussed with your doctor.

  • Dioscorea root - one teaspoon,
  • water - two glasses.

  1. The root is a little ground.
  2. Raw materials pour boiling water.
  3. On the water bath, the solution is boiled for ten minutes.
  4. Then the mixture is poured into a thermos and insist the drug for half an hour.
  5. After this, the broth is filtered.

For potency

Features To enhance potency, traditional medicine recommends combining Dioscorea with red clover. Use the drug for a teaspoon. Depending on the severity of the problem, the medicine is recommended to be taken twice or thrice a day. Treatment continues for one to two months.

  • Dioscorea root - 50 g,
  • red clover (flowers only) - approximately three-liter jar,
  • vodka - about 2.5 liters.

  1. Rhizomes crushed with a sharp knife.
  2. Raw materials are placed in a three-liter jar.
  3. Following capacity fill clover heads to the top.
  4. Vegetable components pour vodka. It is necessary that all clover is covered with alcohol.
  5. The bank is closed and insisted for 30 days.
  6. Periodically, the mixture is shaken, and vodka is poured to the initial volume.
  7. A month later, the drink filter.
  8. Filtered tincture stand for another seven days, and only after that it is ready to receive.

From hypertension

Features At the initial stages of the pathology will help therapeutic tea. This tool is able to normalize sleep, strengthen memory, improve intellectual abilities, eliminate chronic fatigue. The tool is recommended to use for the removal from the body of harmful cholesterol. The drink must be taken once a day, during breakfast.

  • Dioscorea root - half a teaspoon,
  • green tea - a teaspoon,
  • honey - to taste
  • boiling water - one cup.

  1. The root is crushed.
  2. Raw mixed with green tea.
  3. The resulting tea leaves pour boiling water.
  4. Drink cover or saucer and insist seven to ten minutes.
  5. Then drink filter.
  6. Add honey.

Obesity

Features The root is able to increase metabolism. Due to this effect, the body gets rid of harmful substances much faster. Due to this, there is a weight loss. To enhance the process of dropping extra pounds, it is recommended to combine a valuable plant with other useful components. The resulting infusion is taken three times a day for a quarter cup.

  • Dioscorea - a tablespoon,
  • birch leaves - a tablespoon,
  • Nine - a tablespoon,
  • immortelle - tablespoon,
  • kelp - tablespoon,
  • white willow bark - a tablespoon,
  • rosehip - tablespoon,
  • parsley - a tablespoon,
  • mulberry leaf - a tablespoon,
  • fennel - a tablespoon,
  • currant leaf - a tablespoon,
  • water - 0.5 l.

  1. All components are crushed and mixed in a separate container.
  2. Medicinal raw materials in the amount of 20 g are poured with boiling water.
  3. Within an hour, drink insist in warm, and then filtered.

The soothing effect of Dioscorea has led to attempts to use it even for the treatment of epilepsy, and on the Internet you can find a prescription for the treatment of this disease with the alcohol tincture of a plant. However, it must be remembered that such serious disorders of the nervous system require a much more reasonable approach than the use of folk remedies. And attempts to treat epilepsy with Dioscorea will lead not only to the loss of precious time, but also to the lack of control over the convulsive activity of the brain. In addition, alcohol for epilepsy is absolutely contraindicated.

In medicine

Caucasian rhizomes are used in the manufacture of Novogalenovyh drugs "Diosponin" and "Polisponin". The first is an anti-cholesterol-lowering agent with a pronounced anti-sclerotic effect. It can reduce the amount of cholesterol in the blood, increase the ratio of lecithin / cholesterol and thereby reduce the likelihood of cholesterol deposition in blood vessels and the formation of cholesterol plaques. Also "Diosponin" improves the functioning of the heart, dilates peripheral vessels, lowers blood pressure. The drug increases diuresis, acts as a diuretic, increases the secretion of bile, reduces blood clotting. Lipid-lowering agent "Polisponin" reduces cholesterol levels, increasing the content of phospholipids in the blood. It lowers the cholesterol / phospholipid ratio, lowers blood pressure. Both drugs are available in tablets.

Dioscorea is used not only in treatment, but also in the prevention of general, cerebral and coronary atherosclerosis, preparations from it have a beneficial effect on the heart, kidneys and liver, immunity, improve memory and eyesight. They are effective as with a heart attack or stroke, and after them, can act as a diuretic, help with rheumatoid arthritis, trigeminal nerve inflammation, headache, tinnitus, cataract, vascular dystonia, hypertension. Extracts and infusions obtained from Dioscorea can improve sleep, stimulate the activity of the gastrointestinal tract, relieve fatigue and improve mood.

Dioscorea can be bought either in the form of crushed raw materials or in granules, or in the form of a spirit tincture.

Contraindications and side effects

Caucasian Dioscorea can irritate the intestinal mucosa and stomach, if used on an empty stomach. Dioscorea is contraindicated in pregnant and lactating women, with caution it should be taken by hypotensive. Among the side effects that can cause drugs from this plant, should be called loss of appetite, intestinal upset, pruritus, increased sweating.

Classification

Caucasian Dioscorea (Dioscorea caucasica) belongs to the genus Dioscorea (Dioscorea), of the Dioscorin family (Dioscoreaceae). All plants of the same genus with it are grassy vines with a thick perennial rhizome. In total, there are more than 600 species of various plants in the genus, of which the species growing in the Far East, Dioscorea polystachya Turcz.

Botanical description

Perennial grassy liana, Caucasian Dioscorea, can grow 3 meters in height. The plant has a thick and long rhizome, located horizontally, brown-brown, all over covered with hard roots. Over the years, it can go to the ground at 1.5-2 meters. The lower leaves of Dioscorea are heart-shaped-oval, whorled, while the upper leaves are opposite or alternate. The plant blooms in late spring-early summer, small, dioecious, greenish, same-sex flowers, collected in simple axillary brush. Formula flower Dioscorea * H (5) L (5) T5P (2). Fruits the plant from late summer to early fall. The fruit is a three-triangular triangular box. Seeds of Dioscorea are “equipped” with a flat, thin-refreshed wing.

Spread

Caucasian Dioscorea is an endemic plant. As the name suggests, it is found mainly in the Caucasus. Also, natural plantations of plants can be found in the western part of the Transcaucasus - in Abkhazia and the Adler region of the Krasnodar Territory. For a long time this type of plant did not yield to cultivation, but by the end of the XXI century, scientists still managed to find optimal conditions for it and now valuable raw materials are grown near Moscow and the Far East.

Preparation of raw materials

Medicinal raw materials for the preparation of drugs from Dioscorea is the rhizome. It is dug before the start of sap flow, picks or shovels. Cleared from the ground, cut off the stems and spoiled parts, then manually cut into pieces and dried in the open air or in dryers with ventilation at 50 ° C. The finished raw material is pieces of rhizomes. It should be noted that the size and weight of the Caucasian Dioscorea of ​​the Caucasus, which is acceptable for harvesting, reaches only in the tenth year of life, at this time it weighs approximately 10-25 g.

Pharmacological properties

Saponins contained in the Caucasian Dioscore, significantly reduce blood cholesterol levels, lower blood pressure, dilate peripheral vessels and reduce lipoid deposits in the arteries and liver. It is these properties of saponins that determine the anti-sclerotic efficacy of Dioscorea preparations, their ability to improve hemodynamics, thereby stimulating brain and heart activity.Also, saponins contribute to an increase in the amplitude of heart contractions, increase diuresis, activate bile secretion, deepen breathing, and have an inhibitory effect on the nervous system.

Decoctions, extracts and infusions of Dioscorea are recommended to be taken with diabetes, eye diseases and headaches, they are widely used by dermatologists. They improve the overall physical condition, are able to deal with fatigue, insomnia, irritability. Doctors prescribe drugs Dioscorea after suffering a stroke and heart attack. Dioscorea tincture tends to enhance the motor function of the stomach.

Use in traditional medicine

In folk medicine, Dioscorea is used in the treatment of alcohol and drug addiction, imposing on it the function of cleaning the affected liver. It is used as a fortifying and immunomodulatory agent for gout and arthritis, to improve cardiovascular activity, vision, for the treatment and prevention of diseases associated with impaired blood flow, urination and biliary excretion. Caucasian Dioscorea is considered useful for epilepsy, as with the regular intake of alcoholic tincture of the plant decreases the purity of the attacks. Dermatologists recommend oral intake of Caucasian Dioscorea with neurodermatitis, psoriasis, eczema, xanthomas and mastocytosis. Decoctions and infusions of Dioscorea are famous as anti-inflammatory drugs, they are taken to normalize the functioning of the hypothalamus and pituitary, the activity of the ovaries and adrenal glands. There is an opinion that Dioscorea drugs can cope with some types of cancer, destroying the affected cells and preventing the formation of new ones.

Literature

1. “Medicinal raw materials of plant and animal origin. Pharmacognosy ”edited by Yakovlev GP, St. Petersburg, Special Literary 2006 - 306-308 p.

2. Turova A.D., Sapozhnikova E.N., “Medicinal Plants of the SSR and Their Application,” fourth edition, Moscow, Medicine, 1984 - 256-258 p.

3. "Medicinal plants", edited by N. N. Grinkevich. Moscow, High School, 1991 - 104 p.

4. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of the USSR, edited by N. Tsitsin, Moscow, State Publishing House of Medical Literature, 1962–158 p.

5. I. A, Grechany, “Complete Reference Book of Medicinal Herbs and Healing Fees”, Kharkov, Family Leisure Club, 2013 - 147-148 p.

6. Vinogradova T.A., Vinogradov V.M., Gazhev B.N., Martynov V.K. “Practical herbal medicine. Complete Encyclopedia ”, Moscow, Olma-press, 1998 - 435-436 p.

Application Methods

From the roots and rhizomes of Caucasian Dioscorea they prepare tincture on vodka, decoctions, teas, infusions, and dry powder. Given that the plant is listed in the Red Book and its independent collection and harvesting in special places can be difficult, for the preparation of folk remedies, you can use ready-made medicinal raw materials of Dioscorea, which is sold in a pharmacy.

Warning: Doscorea root preparations should be ingested after a meal, as they are irritating to the gastrointestinal tract.

Tincture on vodka for heart disease and post-stroke conditions

Dry shredded roots (7.5 tablespoons) pour 1.5 liters of vodka and insist 10 days in the absence of light. Consume 1 tsp. three times a day with warm tea. When all cooked tincture of the Caucasian Dioscorea is finished, its use is continued again after a month's break. The treatment consists of 3 - 4 such courses.

Remedy for various chronic inflammatory diseases and allergies

Crushed raw materials (50 g) pour ½ l of vodka and insist the resulting composition one month, regularly shaking. After the time, filter and drink the resulting vodka extract of wild yam three times a day, 30 - 60 drops, diluting them with water. Depending on the severity of the disease, the duration of treatment may range from 4 months to one year.

Caution measures

When using products from the Caucasian Dioscorea, take into account contraindications. These include:

  • pregnancy,
  • lactation,
  • bradycardia,
  • individual intolerance,
  • allergy,
  • low blood pressure.

Despite the relatively small list of contraindications before the start of treatment with this plant, consultation of the doctor is not superfluous.

It is very important to strictly observe the dosages indicated in the recipes, since their excess is fraught with an acceleration of heart contractions and the appearance of edema. Of the side effects, some people may experience loss of appetite, itching, excessive sweating, and intestinal disorders. The appearance of these symptoms requires a temporary cessation of treatment or a reduction in dosage.

Appearance of medicinal raw materials and medicinal properties of Caucasian Dioscorea:

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