15 week of pregnancy (2 trimester)

In obstetric terms 15 weeks of pregnancy (or 16-17 embryonic) the future mom feels pretty good compared to the first trimester. In most women, the painful signs of toxemia almost completely disappear: nausea, morning vomiting, jumps in blood pressure, weakness and dizziness.

Now the pregnant woman is not yet so burdened with a grown belly, from which it will be difficult to move later. But the gait is already changing noticeably. After all, the body is already completely rebuilt and ready to bear the child. Stops the release of hormones, which are so strongly influenced by mood and well-being. Well, hard time is over. It now remains to enjoy your new position, think about the future baby, talk with him, dream and prepare for his appearance.

Worth saying that tummy in the 15th week of pregnancy still not so noticeable. Especially in winter, when you have to pull on a lot of clothes. But it is time to change the wardrobe for free things from natural materials. Think and change your underwear. It is necessary, perhaps with regret to postpone lacy things and thongs on the far floor of the closet and give preference to special things for pregnant women.

However, there are many unpleasant signs too now:

  • The feeling of heaviness in the lower abdomen and nagging pains. They are caused by a gradually growing womb. Further, these factors may persist, but the woman is quite accustomed to them. In addition, it can ache back.
  • Still urinating. Here, too, everything is individual. Many by this date do not often run to the toilet, constipation stops. But the rest will have to suffer a little more, until the situation returns to normal.
  • Perhaps a decrease in blood pressure (blood pressure). Because of this, a pregnant woman may well periodically complain of weakness and dizziness.
  • Often observed pregnant rhinitis - nasal congestion in mild form. The symptom is rather uncomfortable, but does not require treatment.

We will rejoice you: many women already in this period begin to feel the weak movements of the baby. These feelings are very welcome. Mummies say that when they begin to feel light pinoches from the inside, it is impossible to hold back tears from the surging emotions. Now it is precisely an understanding that a small miracle lives and develops inside you, which you can soon pick up.

Fetal development in the 15th week of pregnancy

15 obstetric week of pregnancy. What happens to the fetus?

  • Your future baby is now the size of an orange: as much as 50 grams in weight and height of 93-103 millimeters.
  • Formation continues nervous system embryo, so its response to external stimuli is becoming more pronounced. The fetus begins to kick when it is blocked by bright lights or loud sounds. And the baby is afraid of ultrasound and begins to worry when they drive the stomach with an apparatus.
  • Actively developing brain and its divisions, the GM crust is formed.
  • The future baby bends arms and legs, wiggles with fingers and even shoves them in the mouth.
  • The baby’s skin is still so thin that blood vessels appear through it.
  • There is a fluff on the head - first hairs.
  • Actively working heart. It is believed that it can pump twenty liters of blood per day.
  • The embryo has its own blood - it is quite possible to determine the blood group and Rh factor already at this time.
  • The functioning of many systems and organs begins: the gallbladder, the endocrine system, the sebaceous and sweat glands, the liver (it is now the main digestive organ), the auditory system. So it's time to sing the little lullabies and talk to him.

What does the embryo look like at the 15th week of pregnancy? This is not just a ball or a tadpole, but a well-formed tiny little man. He laid all the internal organs, there are arms and legs. The head, however, is still disproportionately large. And by the way, if the baby deigns to turn the right side on the ultrasound, the doctor can tell who you are expecting: a boy or a girl.

Remember that the fetus is now able to capture the mood and condition of his mother. So no stress, tears, horror films. Only positive. Time to relax and enjoy the pleasant music, good books and movies.

What factors influence fetal development?

Although the protection of the future baby now took over placenta, you should not relax. There are a lot of factors that can seriously harm the embryo. Alcohol, nicotine and drugs are still harmful. The use of any drugs is unacceptable. If necessary, treatment is prescribed by a doctor and only under strict control. For example, antibiotics such as tetracycline will destroy baby teeth, and further will negatively affect the growth of constants.

Many toxic substances of the placenta is not able to filter, so contact with any kind of chemical preparations must be excluded. If your work is connected with harmful production, then you will have to change it almost from the very beginning of pregnancy.

Alcohol destroys the nerve cells of the fetus. Alcohol, cigarettes, narcotic substances are addictive, even after giving birth the baby will experience neonatal abstinence syndrome, and simply, hangover.

Not performed during pregnancy fluorography, because radiation can cause serious abnormalities in the development of the embryo.

What complications may occur in the 15th week of pregnancy

Possible complications may be associated with a lack of certain nutrients and vitamins in the mother's body. If not enough calcium, it is fraught with the appearance of varicose veins.

Now possible exacerbation of some chronic diseases, especially those associated with the work of the heart and kidneys.

Any infection is now dangerous. Pay attention to the type of discharge from the vagina: a cheesy appearance, an unpleasant smell, itching may indicate thrush (vaginal candidiasis). This disease is treated with antifungal drugs in the form of candles.

The admixture of blood in the discharge indicates possible damage to the mucous membrane, for example, after having too much sex.

Changes in the body of a woman in the 15th week of pregnancy

15 week of pregnancy (second trimester) - perhaps the most peaceful time for the entire period. Toxicosis is gone, a vigor and surge of energy has appeared, the mood is more and more positive, there are no emotional fluctuations and "overruns". There is no such a sharp reaction to smells and tastes. The sleep is good and calm. In general, the golden time to plan their future life, in which there will be a little man.

Uterus while it remains round, it noticeably increases, which is felt by the appearance of heaviness in the lower abdomen and slack pulling back pain.

Placenta fully formed. Now the metabolism occurs through this protective barrier.

Blood volume increases by about 20 percent. Therefore, the load on the heart also increases significantly, because blood has to be pumped more. In addition, the level of hCG in the blood also decreases, which is noticeable by the calm mood of the pregnant woman.

Chest already increased in size and may still continue to grow imperceptibly, but not as intensively as in the first trimester.

Many pregnant women notice with horror how their skin darkens, pigment spots appear, the number of moles and freckles increases, the white strip in the lower abdomen darkens. No need to panic: it will pass a short time after the birth of the child.

Increases body mass pregnant Normally, the "weight gain" should not exceed three kg. If you scored more, then you should pay for the amount of food that you absorb and its quality. the emergence of extra pounds contributes to the wrong and harmful food: fast food, fatty, smoked meat, etc.

Analyzes and medical examinations

If you are already registered in the antenatal clinic for pregnancy, then surely you have passed all the necessary tests. Now you only need to visit the gynecologist constantly and each time before taking it urine for analysis.

The doctor will measure your weight, blood pressure, abdominal circumference, do a visual inspection.

This is during the normal course of pregnancy. If there are any abnormalities or diseases, you will have to pass additional tests and undergo examinations prescribed by a medical specialist.

  • Determination of hCG level
  • Ultrasound
  • Screening test (done to determine hCG, AFP, estriol, detect Down syndrome or abnormal development of the nervous system)
  • Vaginal swab (if an infection is suspected)
  • Fence for analysis of amniotic fluid
  • Antibody Detection Assay (for Women with Rh Negative)
  • ECG (for those who previously had heart problems).

Fine hCG level in the fifteenth week of pregnancy is 10 000 - 35 000 mU / ml. As you can see, the range of oscillations is great. But violations show sharp jumps of hCG, so the result can be said after comparing several blood samples.

Recommendations

Pay attention to your weight. Now it must be strictly controlled. If you have gained more than 3 kg from your previous weight by the 15-week period, then reconsider your diet. It is clear that you are now eating for two, then fullness and obesity are not the best companions for a pregnant woman. In the future, extra pounds will result in quite serious problems: shortness of breath will appear, there will be severe swelling of the extremities.

Agree, often there is a situation when a pregnant woman well, I want to eat something like that. Even those products that previously did not cause sympathy. Pay attention to this. Perhaps your body signals that there are not enough substances and you need to replenish stocks.

It's time in the 15th week of pregnancy to sign up for special courses and start preparation for childbirth. Too early? Not at all. After all, it is not only learning the right behavior during delivery, but also gradually adjusting oneself to this process, getting rid of feelings of fear and tension.

Prohibitions and contraindications for pregnancy

As it has already been said more than once, they are subject to strict prohibition. bad habitscontact with chemicals. To the maximum avoid stressful situations, because now your baby is very acutely feeling the state of the mother. And not only physical, but also emotional. Therefore, only positive emotions, a healthy lifestyle and good nutrition.

Physical exhaustion, lack of sleep are also harmful. Remember, now there is nothing more important than your child, so watch your health and the state of your body and soul.

Diet this time is very important. Mom is now eating for two, because the fetus needs a complete set of all vitamins, trace elements and nutrients for normal growth and development. Even if you are an adherent of vegetarianism, then during pregnancy you will have to change your principles. Substances in the meat can not be filled with drugs from the pharmacy. But sitting on solid vegetables can lead to anemia and other troubles. Here, give birth and return to your favorite cabbage leaves and zucchini.

Sex in the 15th week of pregnancy

Restrictions in intimate life now there. The ban can be only if there are any serious abnormalities during pregnancy: the threat of miscarriage, placenta previa, infectious diseases.

Do not be afraid that during sex the uterus is reduced. These cuts will not bring any threat to the baby.

But feelings and emotions can be very vivid, such as you did not experience before pregnancy. This is due to the fact that the hormonal background of the body has changed a lot.

Vitamins and drugs in the 15th week of pregnancy

If you or your doctor think that you are not getting the right amount of vitamins with food, then it is quite possible to take special multivitamin complexes. Usually recommended Elevit or Vitrum.

Be careful (and don't take any risks at all) to folk remedies in the form of infusions of herbs and decoctions. The properties of plants have not been fully studied, and grandmother's advice may not always benefit you. So, for example, carcade and St. John's wort useful for a normal organism in a pregnant woman can provoke a miscarriage.

It is interesting to know

At the 15th week of pregnancy, the embryo is determined blood type and rhesus factor. However, these signs can be determined by knowing the blood types of both parents. In this table, the letters A and B denote two major human antigens. They may or may not be in red blood cells. O means no antigens.

Calculators

TrimesterWeeks of pregnancy I 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 II 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 III 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42

Baby on the 15th week of pregnancy

By week 15, the Kid grows another 20 mm, and its height is 100 mm, or 10 cm. The baby weighs about 30 g, its thigh length is 12 mm, and the chest diameter is 24 mm:

  • all 20 milk teeth have been formed, and now it remains to wait for a happy moment (about six months after birth), when the first two lower incisors erupt,
  • on the fingers grow nails,
  • The baby is good at swallowing, its food is amniotic fluid,
  • he also knows how and. writing means kidneys produce urine. This process, intimate for every person, you can accidentally discover during an ultrasound scan,
  • the pens are already able to reach the mouth, and the Kid sucks his finger from time to time,
  • Baby hears noise,
  • reacts to light, despite the fact that the eyes are covered for centuries, and the walls of my mother's abdomen are rather dense,
  • The kid is sensitive to pain, touch,
  • his movements are still chaotic.

Approximately at this time or a little later, the Baby begins to form a sexual identity. This means that his brain includes a male or female program of behavior (it cannot be changed any further). In girls, this process will be completed by 6 months - by this time their brains will automatically become female.
The boys begin to produce the hormone testosterone - in its own sex glands. It is this male hormone that gets into the brain with blood flow and includes a program of sexual behavior.

Mom in the 15th week of pregnancy

Surely you are well aware of the fact that fresh air, nature, walks, exercise with you at the same time in your desire to conceive a child. Swimming, aqua aerobics, yoga, belly dancing help to stimulate the work of the sex glands, strengthen the pelvic organs, promote the secretion of hormones. But more often, the benefits of physical exercise (strengthening muscles, joints, ligaments, helping to avoid stretch marks, prevent tears during labor, etc.) are shown from the point of view of the expectant mother. It is clear that mom needs muscle tone to cope with the increasing load on the body. It is also known that cycling, jogging, horse riding, as well as water skiing, mountaineering, scuba diving can be dangerous for carrying the Kid. But why the activity to the Baby himself before birth?

The fact is that the movement and development of the child are inextricably linked. From the very first moments of life, that is, immediately after conception, the human body undergoes changes that require ideal conditions, and one of the most important is oxygen, nutrients and the absence of toxins in the mother's body.

The baby begins to make movements very early: as early as 7.5 weeks he reacts to touching the skin in the lip area, and at 8 weeks to any part of the body, at 9 weeks he swallows the amniotic fluid, his excretory system functions, it forms and stands out urine, muscular activity appears at 10 weeks, mouth opening is observed, and at 10.5 weeks - flexion of fingers, starting from weeks. The baby actively moves in the amniotic fluid, touches the wall of the fetal bladder, can change the trajectory of its movement, eats in weeks l grasping reflex, and in 13 - sucking. In addition, since the week the Baby starts to beat the heart, his brain also shows activity quite early. Baby develops at a giant pace! And he needs your support, and in this case - the physical activity of the mother, oxygen and healthy metabolic processes in her body.

Analyzes and studies during pregnancy

Ultrasound (ultrasound examination) the first planned - 12-14 weeks after the first day of the last menstruation. Determination of the duration of pregnancy, the number of fetuses, the exclusion of malformations of the nervous system, abdominal organs, limbs of the fetus.

Blood test for AIDS (HIV), syphilis (RW), hepatitis B - when registering for pregnancy (women’s consultation, specialized medical center, advisory clinic at the maternity hospital, etc.). These diseases can complicate the course of pregnancy and require a special approach to the management of the patient.

Blood test and Rh factor - when registering for pregnancy. At the risk of Rh-conflict (if the woman has a negative Rh factor, and her husband is positive), pregnancy requires special monitoring.

General and biochemical blood test, blood test for sugar - when registering for pregnancy. They give an idea about the general health of the pregnant woman, possible chronic diseases.

General urine analysis - when registering for pregnancy, then before each visit to the doctor. Indicates the quality of the kidneys.

Vaginal swab - when registering for pregnancy. Evaluation of microbial flora, the exclusion of urogenital infections.

Hormone testing - by testimony.

Visiting a doctor observing pregnancy: 1 time per month. Weighing, measuring blood pressure, measuring the height of the bottom of the uterus, listening to the heartbeat of the fetus.

Visiting specialists: general practitioner, oculist, otolaryngologist, dentist.

ECG (electrocardiogram).

What's happening?

The baby is becoming more and more like a little man, he is actively developing, delighting his mother with his successes. During this period, you may experience a slight nuisance - because of the active formation of bone tissue, the baby uses almost all of the calcium reserves in the mother’s body, so you may have problems with your teeth, nails and hair. Nails become very brittle, hair falls out.

If you notice these problems in yourself - contact your doctor, he will prescribe you drugs that will help normalize the level of calcium. You shouldn’t do it yourself, because today the pharmaceutical market offers a lot of microelements, and choosing the optimal one is quite difficult. Consult a doctor - he will tell you which drug is right for you.

You still do not feel your baby, because he is very small. But soon he will grow up and become more active, you will clearly feel his movements. To establish a relationship with the crumbs, read books to him, sing songs and communicate more often. The hearing of the baby is not yet formed, but he feels the vibrations and gets used to your voice, which is for him the most dear and always calms.

Fetal development in the 15th week of pregnancy

At this time, the development of your baby is quite vibrant. A child in the 15th week of pregnancy is quite tiny, in size it resembles an orange or a large apple. Despite such tiny dimensions, it can actively move the arms and legs - after all, the fetal muscular system is almost formed, and the bones become more and more dense.

The baby’s skin is still very thin, although it already has several layers. The child actively grows blood vessels, and they are visible through the skin - because of this, the baby is bright red. The skin resembles gelatin, it is smooth and translucent.

Hair begins to grow on the skin - this is how lanugo, cilia and brow of the fruit are formed. The sebaceous and sweat glands begin to function.

The brain of your baby is also actively growing, grooves begin to appear on its surface - these are future gyrus. The number of cells already almost corresponds to a finite number; the processes of neurons begin to grow. Gradually, the brain assumes the function of regulating the activity of the body of the baby.

The eyes have not yet opened, but the baby can already distinguish light from darkness. If before the eyes were on the sides of the head, now they begin to move to the nose. The same applies to the child's auricles - they gradually move from the neck to the head. Auricles are almost formed.

At this time, the external genitalia are quite definitely talking about the sex of your heir, although it may be difficult to examine the sex of the baby on ultrasound. Internal genitals continue to form. In boys, the testicles are still in the abdominal cavity.

The work of the digestive tract is getting better - the liver begins to produce bile, the intestines grow. Taste buds are formed in the mouth, and the baby is already able to distinguish between different tastes.

Almost active work - urination occurs several times a day. This does not affect the child in any way - the composition of the amniotic fluid also changes several times a day, they are cleaned and do not pose a threat to the health of the crumbs.

Although the baby is very small, he is quite active in behaving - turning over, moving his arms and legs, bending his limbs. You may still not feel these movements, but an ultrasound scan at the 15th week of pregnancy will show that your baby is quite active. The baby's movements are now chaotic, because the nervous system is not completely formed. However, very soon the movements of the crumbs will become increasingly targeted.

Proper nutrition

Since the active growth and development of the fetus is still continuing, the mother’s diet should be sufficiently diverse to provide the crumbs with all the necessary building materials. This is an unfortunate time for diets and a monotonous menu - if a baby does not receive all the components necessary for growth, his organs may develop incorrectly, and in the future his health will not be the best. Therefore, pay special attention to the menu.

In the diet of the future mother should be enough protein, healthy fats and carbohydrates. Eat lean meat, sea fish, local vegetables and fruits. Do not forget about cereals, whole grain bread and dairy products.

Your doctor will advise which vitamin and mineral supplements to include in your diet. Be attentive to taking medications - do not self-medicate, you should consult with doctors about all medications taken (and even vitamins).

Wiggling baby on week 15

Usually in the 15th week of pregnancy, mothers still do not feel the movements of their baby, this is especially true for the first pregnancy. Rarely, but during repeated pregnancies, thin women can feel the gentle movements of the crumbs. Often these sensations are compared to the touch of a butterfly's wings, air bubbles or fins of a fish.

If you still do not feel the child - do not worry, in the future you will learn to distinguish the movement of the hearth from other sensations. Then you realize that you felt the baby, just did not understand it. It is necessary to be patient - in any case, soon your baby will become active enough to make you feel his presence.

Feelings Mom

If you were tormented by toxicosis, then by the 15th week of pregnancy, its manifestations at least significantly decreased, if not completely stopped. You have a good appetite, and you can finally satisfy all your gastronomic desires.

Signs of pregnancy are still hidden from others - your tummy is very small, it may not even protrude above the waistband of the trousers. The uterus at the 15th week of pregnancy can be felt somewhere in the middle between the heart and the navel. But soon the stomach will begin to grow actively, and others will notice your position.

Pigmentation begins to increase - moles and birthmarks darken, a pigment band appears from the navel to the womb. Nipples also become darker. Do not worry, these phenomena will pass after childbirth.

Changing the level of hormones in the body - in this regard, you can become more dispersed and inattentive. Memory is deteriorating. Also, hormones can cause congestion and runny nose - this is quite a serious problem for pregnant women.

Since the mother must provide blood flow not only in her body, but also in the placenta and the body of the baby - the volume of blood increases. Because of this, there may be nosebleeds, bleeding from the gums.

At this stage of pregnancy you need to protect your health - try not to contact with infectious infectious patients, especially with children. Also watch for kidney condition - back pain, fever and frequent painful urination may indicate an infection of the genitourinary system. If these symptoms appear, consult a doctor.

In general, the state of health at this stage of pregnancy is satisfactory, so you should not reduce activity and become apathetic - move more and walk more, it will only benefit you.

Possible highlights

Discharge in the 15th week of pregnancy is mucous, not very abundant, without a specific smell. If you notice the selection:

  • acquired a denser consistency
  • become cheesy or go clots
  • their color is white, yellow or green.
  • have an unpleasant, strongly pronounced smell - you should consult a doctor, as these may be signs of infection. Infection not only disrupts your well-being, but also carries a threat to the fetus. Infection of a baby in the 15th week of pregnancy may jeopardize its development and the normal course of pregnancy.

The most dangerous occurrence of bleeding is one of the signs of threatened abortion. If bleeding is combined with weakness, abdominal pain and uterine spasms - immediately go to the hospital, with a timely start of treatment it is possible to save the pregnancy.

Possible pain

Pain in the 15th week of pregnancy is not characteristic. The uterus is not yet so large as to squeeze the internal organs. Of course, the pelvic sprain and the gradual spreading of the pelvic bones occur, but these sensations are not so painful as they are simply uncomfortable.

If you have a stomach ache at the 15th week of pregnancy, you should inform the doctor. As mentioned above, with abdominal pains, the threat of abortion is possible, so do not wait for an improvement or treat yourself. If necessary, the clinic will provide you with qualified assistance.

Also possible pain in the muscles of the legs and calf muscles. This is due to many reasons. If you are much worried about pain in the legs - more rest, wear compression garments, drink calcium supplements.

Research and necessary analyzes

At the 15th week of pregnancy you do not have any serious research. The first ultrasound has already been done, if necessary in the antenatal clinic you will be asked to pass an urinalysis. Next week you have to pass a triple test - this screening study is conducted to identify groups at risk of pathology of the fetus.

If abnormalities are detected in the triple test, you may be asked to make amniocentesis - this study will allow you to more accurately determine if there are any abnormalities in the development of the fetus, the sex of the child and possible pathological conditions.

Twin pregnancy

If there are two lodgers in your tummy, this is double happiness. Kids also develop well, not lagging behind in size from their peers. They are quite active, they know the environment and each other.

Of course, the mother of twins should be more attentive to her health and nutrition - after all, she needs to provide at once two crumbs with all necessary. But in general, the course of pregnancy is twins at this stage is not different from normal.

Sex in the 15th week of pregnancy

Sex at 15 weeks is not contraindicated unless the doctors have found any pathology and there is no threat of abortion. It is necessary to choose poses in which the friable neck of a uterus will not be injured. Care should be taken, although harming a child during sex is almost impossible.

The 15th week of pregnancy began, but I still suffer from nausea in the morning. When does toxicosis usually end, and is heartburn normal at 15 weeks gestation?

Most often, the phenomenon of early toxicosis completely go to the 16th week of pregnancy. If you have 15 weeks of pregnancy, and it does not become easier - you should wait a little longer. If nausea and heartburn bother you very much - perhaps you should be examined further, because diseases of the digestive tract (gastritis) may worsen during pregnancy. In this case, you will be prescribed a treatment that will help to cope with the disease.

Fruit (development, size)

The most important event of the 15th week of pregnancy is the beginning of the formation of the cerebral cortex. This process will last throughout the 4th month. Already this week, the cerebral hemispheres of the fetus will begin to become covered by the meanders and grooves, nerve cells will actively divide. The central nervous system takes the reins of control of the whole organism into its own hands.

The endocrine system of the cub is also activated. At week 15, the endocrine glands are already functioning, sweat and sebaceous glands start working, the male hormone testosterone starts to be produced in the boy's body. By this time, the baby’s taste buds are fully formed: now it will react to the food you ingest.

The main organs perform their work valiantly: the heart diligently pumps blood (it “drives away” already about 28 liters a day!), The gallbladder secretes the first bile (it will form the infant's original feces), take the place and remove the urine of the kidney (the baby urinates directly in the amniotic fluid, which is constantly updated), the respiratory system will be improved.

A fetus at the 15th week of pregnancy is training its lungs and muscles hard. He makes breathing movements during which he swallows and spits out amniotic fluid. This contributes to the maturation of the lung tissue and prepares the child for the first breath, which he will make only after birth. At the same time, the glottis will open, although the baby’s vocal cords are already formed.

Muscle and joint tissue of the fetus is also involved in the training process. He actively moves, makes rotational, floating, acrobatic movements and somersaults, bends and extends limbs, squeezes cams. The bone tissue hardens more and more, the skin is still very thin and transparent (blood vessels shine through it), but already consists of several layers, the hair covering appears more expressively (cilia and eyebrows are visible, the hair is thickening). Now the baby is not as ugly as it used to be: his ears have completely formed, as in an adult, the legs become longer than the handles, as it should be, the body is pulled out more and more - the fruit becomes like an ordinary child.
It already weighs an average of 70 grams, and its piggy-parietal size is 10 cm or more, but this does not prevent the baby from feeling completely free in his mother's tummy.

Stomach in the 15th week of pregnancy

Meanwhile, the tummy is growing.Not only the fetus increases in size, but the uterus and pregnancy are already noticeable to others. However, this does not apply to 100% of cases. In some women, the tummy will only begin to grow now, although the waist by this time has probably disappeared.

At the 15th week of pregnancy a dark strip may appear on the stomach, going from the navel downwards. Suppose she does not bother you - this is a temporary phenomenon that will soon disappear after pregnancy.

Many women in the 15th week of pregnancy have a stomachache, but this can be a different pain, triggered by different factors. The most "normal" cause of such pain is the continuous growth of the uterus and the tension of the muscles holding it. In this case, the pain is unobtrusive, mild and does not cause other troubles. If the abdominal pain at the 15th week of pregnancy has a pulling cramping character, is accompanied by bleeding or gives to the lumbar section, then the threat of interruption is not excluded - it is better to be safe and go to the doctor with such pain.

Back pain or back pain can be a sign of pyelonephritis, if it is accompanied by frequent painful urination and / or increased body temperature.

Already, there may be pain in the tailbone. She pesters many pregnant women for a variety of reasons, in particular because of the pressure of the uterus, the displacement of organs and the pinching of nerves. Try not to sit for a long time, especially on soft surfaces. For pain relief, try getting up on all fours. Ask your doctor when you can start wearing a bandage - perhaps it will ease or prevent pain in the tailbone and lower back during the 15th week of pregnancy. If after pregnancy the pain in the coccyx does not disappear, you will need to go to a specialist.

Often in the 15th week of pregnancy a headache. Do not rush to resort to drugs, first try other methods: a warm shower, a walk in the fresh air, a cup of sweet tea, a light snack, a little rest. If all else fails, Paracetamol can be saved, but it is better to do without it.

The second trimester is called the most peaceful and fertile period for the entire pregnancy, but this does not mean that new sensations will not appear at the 15th week of pregnancy. Do not be alarmed if your nose gets stuffed up or nose bleeds begin. For pregnant women, this is a normal phenomenon that you just have to endure.

Due to the increased production of melanin, the nipples can darken even more, perhaps the manifestation or enhancement of pigment spots. After pregnancy, everything will disappear, but what should not be left without heeding is cramps in the calf muscles, nail lamination and a sharp deterioration in the condition of the teeth. Everything indicates that your body has very little calcium, which is now so necessary crumbs. So he pulls out all possible reserves for the structure of his body.

Many future mothers have noted a special distraction and inattention during this period. However, try to solve a maximum of affairs and questions even this trimester, so that you can relax in the next one. If you have no contraindications, continue to lead an active lifestyle.

Do not deny yourself sexuality. Sex in the 15th week of pregnancy is not contraindicated if there are no threats to pregnancy. On the contrary - positive feelings and emotions are extremely useful for both mother and baby, and, as you know, during sex, the hormone of joy, endorphin, is produced. In addition, sex is a good workout for muscle tissue, including the muscles of the uterus.

But some accuracy and caution now still does not hurt: posture with deep penetration and rough hard sex during pregnancy is better not to practice.

Bleeding

Take a break in the intimate life, if you notice a spotting of any nature and intensity. But if you have started bleeding, then you need to go to the hospital and find out the reason for its occurrence. Bleeding in the 15th week of pregnancy is not always caused by detachment or threatened miscarriage. There may be other reasons for this: mechanical damage to the cervix, erosion, injury to the abdomen, burst blood vessels.

However, bleeding at this time is less common than in the first trimester.

Discharge at 15 weeks gestation

Bleeding can result in spotting brown, cream or pink, so do not disregard them.

If the discharge in the 15th week of pregnancy has become abundant, liquid and transparent, then these are the results of increased levels of estrogen in the blood - do not worry.

You should contact your gynecologist and pass a smear on the definition of infections, if you observe the following discharge:

How many months is it

By week 15, all women, with very few exceptions, are at the dispensary observation in their antenatal clinic. And this fact itself is the reason that confusion in the timing of pregnant women does not occur. In the earlier periods there are some discrepancies - the woman believes that she has one term, and the doctor for some reason puts on a couple of weeks more. Now women "in position" have become accustomed to such a concept as obstetric gestational age. It is considered from the day of the last to the onset of pregnancy menstruation.

15 obstetric week - this is the 13th week from conception. Since the beginning of the delay, 11 weeks have passed (more than 77 days).

There is the fourth month of pregnancy, and this period is considered the easiest and easiest for the entire pregnancy. The main examinations were left behind, now a woman can relax a bit and tune in to the “equator”. Very soon the pregnancy will reach half of its term.

In order not to be confused, it should also be clearly understood that 15 obstetric weeks are not 15 full weeks, but 14-15 obstetric weeks, in other words, six days that are between 14 and 15 weeks.

How does a woman feel?

Hormonal "revolution" in the body took place. Now progesterone and hCG have accumulated enough to ensure the normal development of the baby in the future, and in large quantities these substances are no longer produced. As the hormones become more stable, the woman feels much better. Many say that at the beginning of the 15th week they experienced an unexpected surge of strength and vigor.

Some women at this time do not experience anything unusual, most often these are the “lucky women” who have not had the opportunity to experience the first-trimester toxins. If, at the beginning of the pregnancy, the woman had a hard time, then right now she is happy to note that she has become light, good, pleased. Nausea receded, morning vomiting is no longer repeated, the smell from the kitchen is not sick, and the perfume does not cause disgust.

Drowsiness, which was haunting the future mother from the first weeks of pregnancy, begins to disappear, and the woman becomes more vigorous and efficient, she no longer has great fatigue in the afternoon, less often a headache. Headaches, which also resulted from exposure to high doses of progesterone, become less intense. Mood improves. There are no sharp emotional drops, unreasonable tears and anxiety. Understanding that dangerous period in terms of the probability of miscarriage, makes a woman more confident, calm, balanced and peaceful.

Among the unpleasant sensations that are quite real at this period of gestation are mild smacking pains in the lower abdomen, in its lateral parts, and also in the lower back. They usually have a quite understandable physiological origin - the uterus grows, the woman begins to feel it, and the ligaments holding the female genital organ stretch out, and this process is accompanied by those episodic pains.

Some women continue to experience some difficulty in nasal breathing - rhinitis, which is caused by swelling of the mucous membranes, may persist, but in most cases it goes along with toxicosis and other unpleasant "satellites" of the first trimester of pregnancy.

A pleasant "event" of obstetric week 15 is the normalization of urination. Women who have previously suffered from frequent impulses begin to visit the toilet less often. But the growing uterus slowly and steadily rises and already seeks to tighten the diaphragm, in connection with which this week or week later the woman may have shortness of breath, it becomes harder to breathe. This condition will last until the end of the third trimester, and only when the stomach "drops", a few weeks before the birth, can she breathe again with a full breast.

Some of the expectant mothers in the 15th week continue to suffer from heartburn, and also often there are constipations. Physiologically, these unpleasant phenomena can be explained by the pressure of the growing uterus on the digestive organs. Also, they are often associated with a violation of the principles of good nutrition during pregnancy by a woman. By the way appetite from the second trimester begins to grow, and here the main thing - do not overdo it and do not gain extra poundswhich will definitely not benefit either the mother or her child.

Stir - when to wait?

Pregnant women at week 15, after reading reviews on the Internet, begin to seek out the first, barely noticeable signs of the first movements of the baby. Pimps should not worry about this until 20 weeks. However, women, who had previously become mothers, can theoretically feel the first movements of their baby at this time, but for the time being it is difficult enough to distinguish them from intestinal motility. Women who are carrying twins, at week 15, often feel the stirring of their babies, but so far rarely and weakly.

It is not necessary to count the movements now, even if they appear. So far, it has no diagnostic value. Most likely that At week 15, the first light touches of the baby from the inside will be felt by very thin, slender women and girls. Women of a more dense constitution cannot yet grasp these unusual sensations.

Appearance of the baby

In the form of a child there is nothing left of the embryo. There is no tail, which is peculiar to all mammals at the embryonic stage of development. The baby looks quite human, although certain imbalances are still observed. So, the head of the baby remains large compared to the rest of the body, but it is no longer oval, as before, but rounded.

Hands and feet continue to grow. The upper limbs are still longer than the lower, the balance between them will be achieved later.

The fruit is thin and ungainly. His entire body is covered in skin folds. Such thinness - a consequence of the lack of subcutaneous fat: until it is produced. The skin itself has a red color due to the fact that through it the grid of blood vessels is visible. When subcutaneous fat begins to be produced, both of these “blemishes” in the appearance of the little ones will be eliminated - he or she will become a puffy pink with delicate skin.

Hair grows on the head of a baby now, but they have no color - all babies are natural blond at this time. At week 15, the baby has cilia and eyebrows. The eyes are still closed, the eyelids are fully formed. This week, the formation of auricles ends, now the external organs of the baby’s hearing look exactly as they would appear at the time of his birth.

Ears and eyes "stood up" in the proper places. Little face now does not look strange. The spout develops and grows. Already, you can consider the profile of the fetus, and some kids are already snub-nosed, while others have an impressive nose, just like a mom or dad. In appearance this week, more and more individuality appears.

Now, on small fingers, small nails are growing. Yet the nail plate is very thin and tender, they will begin to harden much later. Unique fingerprints appeared on the finger-pads - each child has his own pattern on his fingers, it is impossible to find two identical ones.

Sense organs

Despite the fact that the formation of the senses is complete, the baby cannot yet see and hear in the full understanding of these words. The retina of his eye now distinguishes the light that penetrates through the very thin eyelids covered. This can be checked using ultrasound. If you shine a flashlight on mother's belly, the baby will begin to move actively, not knowing yet another way to respond to the stimulus, which is a bright light.

The baby already has a rumor, but it still resembles that of reptiles - it is vibratory, that is, the crumb reacts to special vibrations created by sound waves - to my mother's voice, to the sound of her heart, to loud sounds on the other side of my mother's belly. About a month later, the inner ear will begin to function fully, transform the sound waves, and then the child will begin to hear exactly the same way as we, however, adjusted for the aquatic environment and the thickness of the mother's abdominal wall.

Already, the baby in her mother's womb has tactile sensitivity - the nerve endings on the skin allow him to feel touches if he accidentally touches the walls of the uterus or to himself.

The baby has already distinguished tastes for a long time: the papilla receptors on the tongue and cheeks on the inner side of them work properly, and the crumb already prefers the sweet to the salty or sour. But the baby does not yet distinguish smells, because the nasal passages are covered with mucus and there is no breath in the usual sense of the word, baby gets oxygen from the maternal blood.

Endocrine system

From the 15th week of pregnancy the baby goes to a new level - the endocrine glands, which produce all the hormones necessary for growth and development, begin to work. The endocrine system begins to function. The pituitary gland begins to control the production of hormones and secretion glands. The pancreas produces insulin, and the thyroid produces thyroid-stimulating hormones, thanks to which, including the bones of the child, begin to accumulate calcium and solidify. The adrenal glands, thymus and epiphysis are already beginning to function.

In addition, from the 15th week the baby’s own endocrine glands start to work - sweat and greasy. Own endocrine system will allow the baby to better adapt to changing habitat conditions, provide metabolism, it will also “boost” the development of immunity.

Nervous system

The central nervous system in the current obstetric week takes control of the baby’s body. Now every week his movements will become more and more arbitrary and conscious. In the brain, which already has the hemispheres and all departments, the cortex begins to appear at this time. This is the very gray matter that will allow the child to think after birth and will provide higher nervous activity.

The cortex develops from the embryonic ectoderm, the anterior part of the neural plate. In the near future to develop all six layers of the cerebral cortex.

Red bone marrow at this time ensures the production of blood cells. The spinal cord conducts impulses from all organs and systems to the brain. Now all the components of the central nervous system are improving and “hone” the interaction. Already, in the "arsenal" of the crumb there are several important reflexes for survival - he knows how to suck, swallow, push off with his feet from obstacles. If the baby is frightened, he tries to hide, the instinct of self-preservation begins to work.

Internal organs

The gallbladder of the baby has grown up, it functions by producing bile, now this fluid begins to enter the intestine. It will be the one that will color the original calone "meconium" in a dark green, almost black, color. The intestine itself has learned to shrink. Up to 70 times a day, the child’s intestines “rehearse” peristalsis, despite the fact that there is no complete digestion yet.

Thanks to the well-functioning work of the stomach and kidneys, the child now swallows the amniotic fluid and pees with regularity. Urine enters again in the amniotic fluid, which very often renews its composition and remains for the crumbs a safe, sterile environment.

The heart of the child is functioning at full strength. Now this small organ is doing a great job - it ensures blood supply to all parts of the body, and 23-25 ​​liters of blood are being pumped over to the baby's heart per day. Heart rate at a 15 week average is 157 beats per minute. Variations from 146 to 168 beats per minute are possible.

Already, the nature of the heartbeat of the fetus can be concluded how well the fetus feels - hypoxia causes an increase in rhythm, and long-term chronic hypoxia - a decrease.

The lungs and bronchi of the baby are formed. The respiratory system actively “trains”, making movements that after the birth of the crumbs will become the basis of breathing. The liver is now becoming a digestive organ.

Child sex

Gender of the baby can already be tried to determine on ultrasound, however, provided that the crumb is located to the sensor with the desired part of the body. The genitals are shaped and mature enough to be visualized. It is at this time that many pregnant women go on an ultrasound scan to find out the sex of the baby, but the number of erroneous conclusions is now quite large. In order not to doubt, not to think whether the doctor was mistaken or not, it is better to wait another three weeks. Then sexual identification can be carried out more simply, and there will be much less room for doubt.

Fruits-boys now produce their own sex hormone - testosterone. In girls, estrogens will begin to be produced a little later, while the little princess has enough maternal sex hormones. The internal genitals are fully formed - boys have a prostate gland, and girls have ovaries with millions of eggs.

In the female fetus, the ovaries descended from the abdominal cavity into the pelvis. In boys, the testicles have not yet descended into the scrotum, this process has not even begun yet. Their testicles still remain in the abdominal cavity. The way down they will start from about the 19th week of pregnancy, and in the scrotum from the small pelvis will drop to 28-30 weeks.

Now the development of the child begins to "adapt" to gender. So, male fruits gain weight somewhat faster than female ones, and boys grow a little ahead.

What can baby?

Despite the fact that the baby is in the womb and depends entirely on it, he has already learned a lot and can do a lot. His muscles develop rapidly. Already at his disposal are many different movements and expressional grimaces.

At week 15, most of the children know how to smile and readily demonstrate this new skill to the doctors of ultrasound diagnostics, if such an examination is now prescribed to a woman. In addition, all children know how to frown, yawn, hiccup, fold lips with a sponge. Kids are keenly interested in what is happening around, touch the umbilical cord, themselves, feel their face, put their fists in their mouths and suck them with pleasure, just like they will do after their birth.

Some kids are already beginning to show "character" - some cover the genitals with pens or turn away from the ultrasound scanner, while others do not mind the attention to their own person and are happy to pose, showing everything that they have to the doctor. Some kids are shy and “freeze” from loud sounds, while others are curious and mobile and, on the contrary, come into active movement from external pathogens.

Fetus on ultrasound

Ultrasound as a type of diagnosis at 15 weeks is not considered mandatory. Therefore, it is not prescribed for a woman; this period is in the middle between the first planned and second planned prenatal screenings. If there are no special reasons, which include deterioration, well-being, the appearance of atypical discharge or pain, then the pregnant woman is not sent to the ultrasound room. Many mothers themselves go for such a diagnosis, for example, to find out the sex of the child or to look at the crumbs in three-dimensional format on a 3D ultrasound.

Preparation for ultrasound is no longer required - the uterus is large enough to allow an examination through the anterior abdominal wall without a filled bladder. The woman also does not need to take drugs that eliminate increased flatulence in the intestines, intestinal loops have already been pushed back by the uterus.

Baby is clearly visible in all angles. Mom is given to listen to how his little heart knocks, and also show how the crumb moves. If the genitals are visible, they will be shown separately. When the mother asks if everything is in order with the baby, the doctor will call his main parameters; it is they who now talk about how the growth and development of the baby proceed. This week is characterized by such parameters.

  • BPR. This size between the parietal bones is also called the transverse size of the head (bipariented). This week it is between 27 and 31 mm. If the PDU is greater, then the doctor may suggest a tendency to form a large fetus. A significant excess of BPD is the basis for a careful study of the structures of the brain of the child, because the head can be large also due to the presence of tumors, dropsy (hydrocephalus). The lag of the BDP is considered as a sign of an incorrectly established period or the delay of intrauterine development of the fetus.
  • LZR. This size is most likely to be measured for the first time in the current obstetric week. It is called the fronto-occipital, because it measures the distance from the frontal bone to the occipital. Together with the PDU, this size indicates the development of the baby, the proportionality of its head. Normally at week 15, LZR ranges from 25 to 39 mm.

  • Paired bones. At week 15, DBC (length of the femur bones) is measured, as well as the bones of the shoulder, lower leg. The normal length of the thigh is 10-18 mm, the bones of the leg are now in the range of 7 to 17 mm, the length of the humerus - 10-19 mm. The length of the bones of the forearm is not yet measured - the forearms are still small.
  • Tummy circumference. The baby is still thin, his tummy cannot boast with solid dimensions. At week 15, a reading of about 90 mm is considered normal.
  • Head circumference. The head is still the largest part of the body of the baby, so it is not surprising that the head circumference is now quite large - within 110-130 mm.

KTR (coccyx-parietal size) is rarely measured this week, because it becomes difficult - the baby is big and cannot fit within the range of the sensor. And even more so for the KTP now do not compare the terms of pregnancy, now there are other indicators for this. However, if it is measured, now it will be in the range of 87-90 mm. Moreover, if the period is approximately equal to 14 weeks and 3-4 days, then the size from the tailbone to the top of the head will be less than the same indicator at 14 weeks and 5 days.

If for some reason a woman is recommended an extended ultrasound scan, which is done exclusively on expert-class devices, then Here are some more very curious sizes that are typical for the 15th week of pregnancy:

  • the width of the scapula crumbs is now at the level of 6-11 mm,
  • the length of the foot of the baby at week 15 is 8-11 mm,
  • the diameter of the orbit of the fetus - 7-9 mm.

As for the possible pathologies that a baby may have, this week it is quite difficult to diagnose them despite the level of development of medicine, because all the internal organs are still very small. For example, while there is no way to know whether the lungs are healthy, because their formation is still ongoing. Anomalies of the brain while also difficult to assess, with the exception of cases of anencephaly (absence of the brain).

There is no way to assess the structure of the kidneys and bladder. The only exceptions are cases of gross pathologies - for example, the absence of one or two kidneys. Everything else will be seen later.

But at this time, the digestive organs are well visualized, the doctor will be able to see gross defects, for example, the esophagus atresia. No difficulty in assessing the skeletal system.

Possible risks and hazards

Despite the fact that the most dangerous period has passed, and a sudden miscarriage at 15 weeks is practically impossible, a woman should closely monitor her state of health and record any changes. The list of dangers that can happen exactly at this time is quite large. Let's look at what threats might lie in wait for a pregnant woman this week, how to recognize them and what to do if this happened.

The threat of miscarriage, non-developing pregnancy

As already mentioned, the probability of a threat is now minimal, but it is not zero, and therefore it is worth being vigilant. If the lower back hurts, there are bloody or spotting secretions from the genitals, the woman should definitely see a doctor, and call an ambulance.

Timely referral to a specialist in 97% of cases allows you to quickly determine the cause and save the pregnancy.

If there was a bloody "daub", and the ultrasound showed no signs of the life of the baby, we can talk about missed abortion. For reasons unknown to science, this happens for a period of 15-17 weeks. Even if a woman has successfully overcome other “critical” periods - 3-4 weeks, 8-10 weeks of pregnancy, then irreparable can happen right now. The probability of fetal fading at this period is small, but it exists.

Unfortunately, medicine cannot help in this case. If the child has died, then the only thing that can be done for a woman is to release the uterine cavity from the fetus as soon as possible, because internal inflammation can cause sepsis.

Tissue tissue samples are taken for genetic analysis to find the cause of his death. They do not always find her, but if they find her, this information will be of great value to the doctor, who will later help the couple plan a new pregnancy.

Calcium deficiency

Calcium deficiency in a woman’s body may be due to the fact that she doesn’t have enough of this mineral in her blood, and the need for a child, who is now actively hardening bones and growing muscles, is high in calcium. Hypocalcemia may manifest itself in different ways. Most often, women become brittle nails, teeth can deteriorate, gums and hair begin to bleed. Often, future mothers complain of cramps in the legs - the calf "reduces" by evening or at night in a dream.

To correct the situation will help the doctor. It is not necessary to wait for a planned intake in the antenatal clinic, you can call him and clarify which vitamins and minerals you can begin to take, whether it is necessary and advisable to take additional calcium supplements.

Cold, flu, ORVI

All these unpleasant diseases, if they still could not be saved from them, can no longer harm the child as if they had happened earlier, in the middle of the first trimester. The placenta is now doing well with the protective barrier function, and the woman can already even take some medications to alleviate her own condition in case of illness.

Do not immediately begin to drink pills when symptoms and signs of illness appear. Not all drugs that used to be well helped are now allowed. A woman in position should definitely call a doctor and consult with him about how best to be treated if she has contracted the flu or ARVI.

The most dangerous thing in these often seasonal ailments is high fever. Strong and prolonged fever can cause problems with uteroplacental and placental blood flow. To help reduce the temperature of the doctor, who will tell you which of the antipyretic drugs can now take the expectant mother.

"Short" neck or ICN

If a woman has previously been diagnosed with ICN (istimiko-cervical insufficiency), the cervix is ​​shortened, then at week 15, as a rule, certain measures are already being taken to preserve the pregnancy.

Some women show complete bed rest in the hospital, others have already been installed pessary or stitched to the cervix. If the cervical failure is not expressed, then the woman is allowed to lead a normal life, but not to lift weights and not to burden herself.

If there is a diagnosis such as the central nervous system, regardless of the method of treatment proposed by the doctor, the woman should remember that the greatest danger for her is the hypertonus of the uterus - the cervix can not stand, and then the miscarriage begins. To determine the tone of the uterus is quite simple - the stomach becomes hard, almost "stone", pulls the lower back.

Adrenal cortex dysfunction

If a woman has previously experienced problems with the condition and functioning of the adrenal cortex, right now she may feel worse. This is possible provided that she bears a boy. Testosterone, which is produced in a baby, enters the future mother’s blood, and if there are difficulties with the adrenal glands, and your own testosterone is exceeded, an excess of this hormone may occur.

Women who have such a problem should definitely visit their doctor this week and give their urine for 17-cs (analysis of 17-ketosteroids).

The uterus grows and squeezes the intestines, which leads to constipation, at the same time increasing pressure on the inferior vena cava. Together, all these factors often lead to the fact that a woman has hemorrhoids. This unpleasant disease associated with impaired blood flow in the hemorrhoidal veins necessarily requires treatment.

It is not worth treating hemorrhoids with folk remedies during pregnancy, it is best to consult a doctor, do not hesitate to talk about the problem and get an appointment. In the second trimester, the list of drugs allowed to relieve the symptoms of hemorrhoids, compared with the beginning of pregnancy is greatly expanded, the doctor will definitely select an effective and harmless drug.

Mood

Maintain a good mood and positive mood. This is very important, because the baby already feels subtly all the changes in her mother's mood. Perinatal psychologists say that right now - in the fourth month of gestation - the basic world outlook of the crumb is laid, it is decided whether it will be an optimist or a pessimist. To increase the chances of a baby becoming an optimist, It is important for a woman to watch her emotions, to protect herself from communication, which brings negative, from stresses and experiences.

Now is the right time to watch and review good films, fairy tales, favorite cartoons, read good and interesting books, start reading magazines and books for young parents telling about the intricacies of childcare.

Women who proudly show off their rounded tummy to others should not forget that clothes should not be too tight, press at the waist, at the hips. Such things can disrupt blood circulation. You should not wear things from synthetic fabrics, in them the skin does not “breathe”, and sweating in pregnant women is increased regardless of the season of the year.

Women who are unpleasant when their tummy is closely examined in public transport or on the street should wear free and spacious things, they can still hide an “interesting position”, and in order to divert attention from the stomach, it is worth picking up a beautiful bright scarf, hat, noticeable beads - at the sight of a pregnant belly will be given much less attention.

With falling asleep at this time usually problems no longer occur, as the hormonal background stabilizes, sleep improves.But many women in the 15th week have quite real problems with sleeping postures, because on the back it becomes uncomfortable to sleep, the uterus is pressing, and you cannot lie down on your stomach at all.

A woman is already important to learn to sleep on her side. To make sleep more comfortable now and then, in later periods, special pillows for pregnant women can help, which can be wrapped around with legs and on which a large and heavy belly fits comfortably in the third trimester.

Prenatal bandage is not a whim and not a medical appointment according to the indications, although sometimes it can not do without certain complications of pregnancy. The bandage is an effective way to facilitate the period of carrying a child. Already, a woman can visit the nearest orthopedic salon and choose a convenient device that will carefully fix the abdomen, support it from below, easing the load on the legs and back.

Sexual relationships at week 15 are not contraindicated unless the doctor has a different opinion on this matter. In case of insufficiency of the cervix, in some other pathologies of pregnancy, sex is not recommended, but if everything goes well and the doctor does not object, then the spouses may not limit themselves to pleasures. It is only important not to forget that poses with deep penetration are now undesirable, as is the use of warming or cooling lubricants.

Proper nutrition now helps to avoid many problems - heartburn, constipation, hemorrhoids, abnormal weight gain. If a woman has not yet adjusted her diet, now there is a great opportunity to do it. It is important to avoid prohibited foods - smoked meat, marinades, canned food, fatty meat, mayonnaise, fried and spicy dishes. Every meal should be balanced: slow carbohydrates should be supplemented with fats and proteins.

It should be eaten in small portions 5-6 times a day. Do not forget about clean drinking water. It should be consumed at least 1.5 liters per day. Salt and sugar limit to a minimum. But fresh fruits, vegetables, greens and low-fat dairy products are only welcome.

Now it is important that the diet was enough foods containing calcium, magnesium, potassium, vitamins A, E, C.

Physical activity

A woman, if she is not prescribed bed rest, can lead a normal life at 15 weeks, take walks, do gymnastics, do swimming, and do yoga. It is important to remember that one cannot be in too long a position. If the work of the future mother is connected with sitting or standing in one place, it is necessary to make five-minute pause-warm-ups as a rule in order to adjust the blood supply, relieve the load on the legs, tailbone, lower back.

Many mothers describe 15 week as the best time for the entire pregnancy, because now it is still very easy and already quite calm. Many pregnant women started diaries right now, in which they record the results of self-weighing, menus, mark the first stirrings, if they have already occurred, or are just preparing to make such an exciting record.

Only a small number of pregnant women at this time begin to attend special courses, where theory and practice go side by side - a woman will learn a lot about her pregnancy, as well as about the upcoming birth and care for the newborn. These courses are valid for every female consultation.

If possible, it is better not to postpone their visit to the prenatal period, but to sign up now. This, according to moms with experience, helps to more thoroughly prepare for the upcoming replenishment in the family.

About what happens to the fetus and the future mother in the 15th week of pregnancy, see the following video.

Watch the video: 2nd Trimester Q&A with Belly to Baby (January 2020).